The Soliders’ Cemetery (also known as “Kriegerfriedhof” and “Cimitero di Guerra”) in Brunico (Bruneck) is an unexpectedly stunning and heart-rending sight all at once. Set in a forest on a hill above the town, it is a solemn reminder of the price soldiers paid during World War I & II.
“I am young, I am twenty years old; yet I know nothing of life but despair, death, fear, and fatuous superficiality cast over an abyss of sorrow. I see how peoples are set against one another, and in silence, unknowingly, foolishly, obediently, innocently slay one another.”
Words, once only ghosts in our minds, were now suddenly flesh and blood. Each step we took summoned another line from Erich Maria Remarque’s “All Quiet on the Western Front”. Each turn, another face haunting in the forest.
But we were in much more than a forest.
All around us stood grave markers.
Not of stone, but of timber.
Wooden crosses fashioned in pacifying poses silently spoke to us. Bronze plates with forgings of “1915”, “1916”, “1917” and “1918” conjured images of war. German names along with tattered photographs whispered stories into our minds. Wishes and dreams of young men longing to be told, but never to be heard.
What is this place of grim beauty we wondered? Minutes earlier we were gazing up in awe at the medieval markings of a 13th-century castle. And then on a whim decided to cross a nearby footbridge to a hill shrouded in pine and firs. Here, we trekked up a steep set of stairs. At the top, a forested slope unfolded before us revealing a cemetery unlike any we have ever seen.
A grey monument resting on the hill’s crest held the answer. Inscribed on sable panes were the names of those buried. Next to this list of the fallen, we found the story of the ‘Soldiers’ Cemetery’.
War on the Rooftop of the World
Fighting a war anywhere is hell. Fighting one in the unforgiving heights of the Dolomites is utterly unthinkable. Yet, during the First World War, its crags and crevices saw thousands of soldiers lost to the madness of mankind and more still to the fury only born on mountains. The warring conditions on the rooftop of the world were among the most treacherous ever endured in the history of warfare. If bullets or shell fire didn’t tear you asunder, the mountain’s pummeling snow, hellish winds and crashing boulders would.
Brunico (also known as Bruneck) in South Tyrol was home to several wartime hospitals. Those injured battling on the front lines of the Dolomites received care here. Many did not make it out alive. Too many. When the local cemetery could no longer support the dead, a new one was founded on this hill in Brunico known as Kühbergl.
An Austrian Lieutenant Colonel, A. Bechtold, developed the vision for the Soldiers’ Cemetery. For the men who suffered horrors on the summits, he sought to bring them final peace within the mossy velvet of the forest floor.
The cemetery was built by Russian prisoners of war. Logs from stands of pine became the grave markers — forever memorializing the fallen in harmony with the stillness of the forest.
At Rest in the Forest
More than 100 years ago the last shot of the First World War rang out. At 11 am on the eleventh day in the eleventh month of 1918, Germany signed an armistice bringing the war to an end. Upon receiving the news, soldiers simply laid down their arms and went home.
The toll? 37 million dead.
669 lie in the Soldiers’ Cemetery. They are soldiers from the Austro-Hungarian empire, as well as Russia, Serbia and Romania. Just 20 years later, the world would spiral into another war taking the lives of 50 million more. Nineteen German soldiers killed in bombing raids from the Second World War are also at rest in the cemetery.
In a solemn act of respect for the men, the cemetery dedicated sections to the respective faiths of the soldiers. Men of Christian, Jewish and Muslim faith lay in the Soldiers’ Cemetery separate but together. These brothers fighting for pieces of the earth now share it in quiet rapture as their home.
Caretakers of the Forest Cemetery
As we continued walking through the Soldiers’ Cemetery, we came across a few women tending to the graves. We learned they are members of an association of women that has kept each grave in pristine form since 1921.
Watching them work was as moving as the cemetery itself. In silence, they carefully placed evergreen branches and other favors from the forest throughout the resting places. These beautiful deep wood adornments evoked an even more serene feeling in our timbered surroundings.
The manner in which South Tyroleans still reverently care for those lost long ago is touching to witness. Whether encountering a carefully-carved wayside shrine off a hiking trail or rows of masterfully-forged iron crosses in candlelit churchyards, the traditions of this land inspire awe. Taking time to reflect in such settings requires no belief in the divine to appreciate the beauty of humanity.
How to Visit Brunico’s Soldiers’ Cemetery
A visit to the medieval town of Brunico in Val Pusteria is an easy trip add-on before or after hiking around Lago di Braies. While in Brunico, a walk through the Soldiers’ Cemetery is a must. Every lover of nature and history will find it an enchanting sight.
The town offers you a few ways to reach the cemetery. From the grounds of the Bruneck Castle walk to the south castle wall and continue down a small slope to a footbridge. Cross over the road (Via Riscone) to the Kühbergl hill. Then follow the path to the right for a bit until you come to a set of stairs leading uphill. The cemetery sits at the top of the steps.
Additional options to visit the Soldiers’ Cemetery include two parking lots directly off Via Riscone. If you choose either one, you’ll have to walk uphill even more, but neither path is difficult.
No matter how you choose to visit, keep an eye out for signposts indicating ‘Cimitero di Guerra’ and ‘Kriegerfriedhof’ to ensure you’re heading in the right direction.
Capturing the Soldiers’ Cemetery with your camera is a moving experience no matter when you visit, but please be courteous to anyone there paying respect to those lost.
To learn more about the war’s impact on the Dolomites, check out our Tre Cime di Lavaredo hiking guide. We highlight key historical events that make hiking the Three Peaks even more jaw-dropping.
We are honored this post was recognized by Traverse Creator Awards with a “Best Storytelling Award”. The ability to discover the amazing history of South Tyrol while exploring all of its natural splendor is a gift we do not take for granted. Our hope is to inspire all who visit to take the time to get to know the history of the land and its people. Doing so is even more rewarding than the gorgeous scenery.